Basics To Know Before Moving From A Windows PC To An Apple Mac

Changing phones, email providers or web browsers is something that takes a lot of conviction and adjusting to; imagine if you felt compelled to change your OS? The move would definitely be a bigger adjustment and if you’re switching from Windows 7 to Mac, since the adjustment would probably be equivalent to sleeping on the opposite of the bed. This guide helps you ease in to that adjustment. It is neither a feature list nor a comparison between the two operating systems. It was written just to tell you where the electric box is, and how the plumbing works. Briefly, we will look at how you can search for apps, files and folders on your Mac, find and install apps, manage windows and finding system preferences.

The difference between a Mac and Windows will be apparent the second you start your system. First thing you want to get to know is how you are going to do anything on a Mac, and by anything, I mean opening a file/folder, where do files and apps go, and what to expect instead of ‘My Computer’.

Windows Taskbar & Start Menu –> Mac Dock & System Menu Bar

As a Windows 7 user, you’ve grown comfortable with finding and accessing applications from the Start Menu and pinning your frequently used items to the Taskbar. In effect, the Start Menu is where you have app access from, and the Taskbar is where the currently running applications reside. In Mac you will meet the Dock.

The Dock is like a dashboard (not to be confused with the Dashboard for Widgets); icons for applications like the Finder, the Launcher, Mission Control and Safari can be found here. All these are default Mac applications that will help you perform some very basic functions. As in Windows 7, you can add your frequently-used apps to the Dock. Apps are listed to the left, folders and minimized windows go to the right. You will find three folders on the Dock – Applications, Documents and Downloads.

the dock

At the top of the desktop, you will see a horizontal bar known as the System Menu Bar; this bar is omnipresent, regardless of which app or utility you launch. The menus on this bar, however, will change to reflect those of the active app.

system meu bar

You will find that that the menu listed on this bar change as you click different app windows. If you have Safari window (or Chrome or Firefox) active, the menu bar will show options that you would normally see on the Title bar in Windows. Unlike windows, where the menu options for each application, program or utility is within its own window, app menus are always listed on this bar when the app window is active. As a rule, whenever you want to view settings for any app, select it, so that it becomes the active window, and the menu bar reflects its menu items. The preferences that appear in the system menu bar usually belong to the active app, and not the system itself.

What’s Up, Dock?

dock icons

As corny as that line is, you need to know what those icons on the Dock do, if you want to do more than just admire your Mac. Finder is a Mac system utility for exploring files on your Hard Disk, much akin to Windows Explorer in Windows 7. The Finder icon is best described as a two faced blue guy. Click the icon to launch the Finder.

Finder

The Launchpad app makes it easy for you to view all installed apps on your Mac, use the mouse wheel to move across screens and view different apps. Click on any app to launch it. Once an app is launched, its icon will appear on the Dock.

launchpad

In case you do not see the Launchpad icon on the Dock, visit the Applications folder to find and launch it. Once launched, right-click the app, and from the Options submenu, choose Keep in Dock to pin the app to the Dock. To remove an app from the Dock, drag & drop it on to the desktop and it will vanish in a puff of virtual smoke.

You will also see the Safari icon, a navigation compass, that will launch Apple’s default web browser. On the far right of the Dock, you will see the Trash Can which is Mac’s equivalent to Window’s Recycle Bin and works similarly. You can send items to the Trash Can from the right-click context menu, or drag & drop them on to the icon in the Dock.

Windows Start Search & Mac Spotlight

In Windows 7, the start menu has a search feature that lets you find folders, files, applications and system utilities by typing in their name. To do the same in Mac, click the magnifying glass icon on the top right of the system menu bar and start typing in a file or app name. The Spotlight feature will search as you type, and list all matches. The search is universal, i.e., it will search for apps, files and folders.

spotlight

Control Panel & System Preferences

Control Panel is a massive feature in Windows 7, and on Mac, you get System Preferences. To access System Preferences, click the Apple icon on the system menu bar and select System Preferences. You can set system time, volume, display, networks, user accounts, parental controls, printers etc, all from here.


System Preferences

Scrolling

While you will be able to use any ordinary mouse with your Mac, you will notice from the get go that scrolling is reversed, i.e., scrolling the mouse wheel up actually scrolls a page down, and scrolling the mouse wheel down, scrolls a page up. Don’t think your mouse is broken, or that you might have plugged it in the wrong way – that’s just how things are on a Mac. You might also have noticed that the close, minimize and maximize buttons are all located on the upper left of windows, and not the the upper right as in Windows 7.

Opening A File

Selecting a file and hitting the return (enter) key will not open a file, it will ready the file for renaming, to open a file, either double click it or select it and hit Command + O.

Viewing Hard Disk And User Files

Unlike Windows 7, you will not see options to view “My Computer”, in order to view the Hard Disk, open the Finder menu on the System Menu Bar and open Preferences. From the General tab, select which items you would like to view on your desktop. Check the Hard Disks options and you will be able to view all disks connected to your Mac.

view hard disk

You will find four folders; Applications, System, Library and Users. The Applications folder will show all installed apps on your Mac, the Library folder will list folders created by Apps. The System folder is where files for system utilities and apps are saved. This is where you will find the extensions folder for Safari.

system files

Apps

When you move to a Mac, you move to an OS that relies on apps for any and all functions that aren’t basic. Installing apps in Mac isn’t difficult, it is just different. In Windows, applications are in EXE format, in Mac they are DMG. There is seldom an installation procedure involved. A majority of Apps are installed from the Mac App Store, an app that resides on the Dock and requires you to sign in with your Apple ID.

How to Install an App

Search or browse for apps in the Mac App Store, to download a paid app, you will have to associate a credit card with your Apple ID. To download a free app, simply click where it says Free, the button will turn green to read Install and will ask you to sign in to your Apple ID. Once you’ve signed, download will begin. Download and installation are synonymous here. Once download is complete, click the app icon in either the Applications folder or in the launch pad.

install app

The Mac App Store isn’t the only place you can download apps from, as developers host apps on their websites, and the only difference you will experience when downloading apps like this is, that they will rest in the Downloads folder and you will have to manually move them to the Applications folder. In further, rarer cases, the developer might have zipped the file, which will unzip via the default archiving utility.

Quitting & Closing An App

In Windows 7, you can exit an instance of some apps without closing. For example, you can close and image you were editing in Paint, without exiting the program itself. Similarly, in Mac, closing and quitting are often separate functions. Case in point, you might exit Safari (or Chrome, or Firefox), but it will continue to run, unless you quit them by right-clicking the app icon in the Dock and selecting Quit.

quit app

Force Quitting Apps

Mac’s Task Manager equivalent can be found in the Utilities folder in Applications and is called the Activity Monitor. You can use the Activity Monitor to quit apps as you used the Task Manager to quit processes but it is a longer process.

If you want to quickly quit an app that’s stopped responding, hit Command + Option + Escape, select the app you want to quit from the window that opens, and click Force Quit.

Mission Control & Window Management

You will find that windows minimize individually in Mac, and are not grouped as they are in Windows 7. That might make it difficult to organize your workspace, but things work differently in a Mac. Windows are best organized using Mission Control. This is a Mac feature that lets you create desktop spaces that you can switch to. More specifically, if you have trackpad, you can use the three finger swipe gesture to switch to a desktop. Each desktop space remembers which windows you were working in, and you can move windows from one desktop to another. To use Mission Control, click the icon in the Dock, and use the plus sign in the far right corner to add as many desktops as you like and drag & drop a window on to another desktop.

desktops

Hopefully, after reading this brief guide, you will have an idea of where to look when you want to access a file/folder, or change a system preference. Mac is, in no way, any less of an OS than Windows, but getting used to a new OS or finding out where everything is, can often be frustrating. Mac, if nothing else, is very different from Windows, and these are just a few things you should know before you go digging deeper.

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  • GeorgiaCowboy

    Would rather see a simple, concise article on the basics of moving from PC to Ubuntu or Linux Mint.

    • Doodle U.K.

      “Would rather see…………….”
      Yeah. But I bet the guy just going out to buy a Macbook Air wouldn’t. – So there ! (grin)

      • GeorgiaCowboy

        Yeah, well, PT Barnum said it best.

        • guest

          Which PT Barnum quote?  The one about the mac having a more stable, user friendly os than windows?

        • Vertigo900

          or maybe you implied the quote about suckers being born every minute.  i’ll agree with that! well, since mac os adopted the intel chip you can run either mac or windows os on the same machine.  the downfall of microsoft echos the mistakes the american auto industry made during the 70s and 80s.

          • GeorgiaCowboy

            UNIONS were killing the auto industry till the SMART ones went to “right to work” states, but being a “fanboi” my bet is you are NOT JUST a fanboi, but pro union and a leftest as well.

            I’ve said it before, apple could come out with a new product, let’s call it an iturd and people would still camp out and pay three prices for it.
            What these fanboys DON’T get is it’s one hell of a funny joke to the VAST majority of US.

  • salami

    Great, really helpful and informative as always. Thanks !.

  • Christmw2503

    YOUR ARTICLE CAME JUST IN TIME AS I WAS GOING TO BUY A MACBOOK AIR.

  • Raj

    I have been a windows user since 10 years now and Mac is really not my cup of tea.  Sure windows has got its fair share of quirks, bugs and failings.  But if you want something to be done, Windows will get it done.  As I read the article, I noted that Mac Applications require credit card details for all installations, even if they are free.  Advantage Windows here.   Guess you cannot play as many games as you can on the windows platform too on Mac.  Again Advantage Windows.

    • GeorgiaCowboy

      BUT they’re “stylish”. Not as many programs run on it, BUT they’re “stylish”. COST two or three times what a decent PC cost, BUT…………………….

      I’ll ALWAYS keep a PC (probably more than one, XP/Lastest Flavor) but getting into Ubuntu and/or Mint.

      • Raj

        I agree on the style point.  Mac and Apple have brought great innovations in terms of interface and design.  Case in point: the dock.  I have found it more useful than the start menu and orb in Windows 7 such that I had to look for dock equivalents for my Windows desktop. 

        Ubuntu is also promising especially the latest Unite interface.  Though the dock is not that configurable. 

        Will be happy to read about your experience working with Ubuntu or mint

  • http://profiles.google.com/ahmed.qadah Ahmed Qadah

    Great helpful article, will ctrl+D for a hopefully near future :)

  • insanelyapple

    .DMG isnt an equivalent of .EXE, .APP is. .DMG as you probably know, is an disk image file and it can be compared to the .ISO disk image.

  • sooty

    copy and replace! on a pc it will update the folder contents, on a MAC it will REPLACE THEM.

  • jjbarre13

    Thank you most informative, have just changed over from PC to IMac 

  • Andy

    Cowboy, I suggest you start out with Kubuntu. Mostly the same but laid out like Windows to begin with so you’re not flailing around. Good luck.
    Thank you for your fine intro Fatima, it’s just the right level to start pushing buttons. This will help me help friends. I concur, an OS is an OS.
    Andy

  • AT

    I started out with Macs. They’re extremely expensive to maintain, freeware is very scarce, and third party software you buy is usually much more expensive then it is for PCs–so if you don’t have plenty of money, be prepared. I switched to PCs for these reasons.