There are many handy pre-defined hotkeys which enables you to select, create, edit the part of Excel 2010 spreadsheet quickly. Out of such hotkeys, take a look at one which quickly creates chart of selected dataset.
To create a chart, select the dataset against which you need to create a chart. Now press F11 on keyboard to quickly create a chart.
It is to be noted here that Excel 2010 create the default Chart. If in future you want to use the same hotkey for creating a different chart, you will have to change the default chart type.