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How to install VirtualBox 7.0 on Debian

VirtualBox is an excellent hypervisor and virtualization tool for Debian and other Linux OSes. However, it doesn’t come in the official software sources for users to install. In this guide, we’ll show you how to quickly set up VirtualBox 7.0 on Debian.

How to install VirtualBox 7.0 via the downloadable DEB package on Debian

Virtual machine Windows 10

Due to the nature of Debian, VirtualBox 7.0 isn’t distributed via official Debian software sources. This is because VirtualBox isn’t explicitly open source, and thus Debian legally doesn’t feel comfortable distributing it.

If you need VirtualBox on your host machine for virtualization purposes, Oracle makes a downloadable DEB package available on their website, which users can download. The downloadable DEB package is currently supported on Debian 11 and Debian 10.

Open up a terminal window to download the latest DEB package for VirtualBox 7.0 on Debian 11. You can open up a terminal on the Debian Linux desktop by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T on the keyboard. Alternatively, search for “Terminal” in the app menu and launch it that way.

With the terminal window open, use the wget download command to download the latest DEB release to your home folder. This download should not take long, as it is not a very large file.

https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/7.0.6/virtualbox-7.0_7.0.6-155176~Debian~bullseye_amd64.deb

If you’re using Debian 10, rather than 11, you’ll need to download a different DEB package to your computer. Using the wget download command, grab the following package.

wget https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/7.0.6/virtualbox-7.0_7.0.6-155176~Debian~buster_amd64.deb

Those using Debian Testing will not be able to install VirtualBox 7.0 using the Debian 11 or 10 packages. Instead, you’ll need to download the Ubuntu 22.04 DEB package from Oracle.

wget https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/7.0.6/virtualbox-7.0_7.0.6-155176~Ubuntu~jammy_amd64.deb

After downloading the VirtualBox 7.0 DEB package to your home folder on Debian, you can install the application on your system using the apt install command. Be sure to follow the installation

Debian 11

sudo apt install ./virtualbox-7.0_7.0.6-155176~Debian~bullseye_amd64.deb

Debian 10

sudo apt install ./virtualbox-7.0_7.0.6-155176~Debian~buster_amd64.deb

Debian Testing

sudo apt install ./virtualbox-7.0_7.0.6-155176~Ubuntu~jammy_amd64.deb

After installing the package on your computer, you’ll need to reboot in order to use the newly installed kernel modules. Upon logging in, launch VirtualBox to use it.

Launch issues

If you’re having issues launching a virtual machine after rebooting, this command may fix it. However, keep in mind that this is a simple workaround, and if it doesn’t fully solve the problem, you should refer to the official Oracle documentation on the website.

sudo chown root:root /usr/

How to install VirtualBox 7.0 with Oracle’s official software repository on Debian

Downloading a standalone DEB package to run VirtualBox 7.0 works, but it isn’t the only way you can install the software on Linux. If you’d prefer to install VirtualBox 7.0 via the official repos, you can. The benefit of going with the repos is that you’ll get every Vbox update as quickly as possible.

To start, you’ll need to download the repo URL to your Debian system. Open up a terminal window, and enter the command below that corresponds with the version of Debian you use.

Debian 11

su -
echo 'deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/oracle-virtualbox-2016.gpg] https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian bullseye contrib' >> /etc/apt/sources.list

Debian 10

su -
echo 'deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/oracle-virtualbox-2016.gpg] https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian buster contrib' >> /etc/apt/sources.list

Debian Testing

su -
echo 'deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/oracle-virtualbox-2016.gpg] https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian jammy contrib' >> /etc/apt/sources.list

After adding the repo to your system, you need to add the software key. This key is important, and without it, VirtualBox will not download.

wget -O- https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc | sudo gpg --dearmor --yes --output /usr/share/keyrings/oracle-virtualbox-2016.gpg

With the repo added to your system, you’ll need to run the apt update command. Then, you can install the software.

sudo apt update

Debian 11

sudo apt install virtualbox-7.0_7.0.6-155176~Debian~bullseye

Debian 10

sudo apt install virtualbox-7.0_7.0.6-155176~Debian~buster

Debian Testing

sudo apt install virtualbox-7.0_7.0.6-155176~Ubuntu~jammy

How to install older versions of VirtualBox on Debian

If you’re in need of older releases of VirtualBox for some reason, you can install older releases on your Debian system by doing the following. First, open up a terminal window. Once it is open, enter the following commands to enable the repo.

Debian 11

su -
echo 'deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/oracle-virtualbox-2016.gpg] https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian bullseye contrib' >> /etc/apt/sources.list

Debian 10

su -
echo 'deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/oracle-virtualbox-2016.gpg] https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian buster contrib' >> /etc/apt/sources.list

Debian Testing

su -
echo 'deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/oracle-virtualbox-2016.gpg] https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian jammy contrib' >> /etc/apt/sources.list

After adding the repo, add the key.

wget -O- https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc | sudo gpg --dearmor --yes --output /usr/share/keyrings/oracle-virtualbox-2016.gpg

Next, run the update command.

sudo apt update

Finally, type in the following command. When this command is entered, the Debian terminal will ask you which version of VirtualBox you wish to install. Select that version to install it.

sudo apt install virtualbox

 

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