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10 Most Commonly Used Keyboard Hotkeys in Ubuntu Linux

Ubuntu offers one of the best graphical interface for users when compared with other Linux distros. Navigating through your desktop icons, menu and other options has been made easier and much more faster with the use of hotkeys. If you know some hotkeys, you can move through your desktop and system quickly. Below, I have listed some of the commonly used hotkeys in Ubuntu Linux.

Alt + F1 is used to open the Applications Menu. It is very first menu on task bar (also called Panel in Ubuntu).


Alt +Tab is used to navigate through running programs. Hold Ctrl and Alt Keys and keep pressing Tab to move to next program.


Ctrl + F10 is used to open the desktop background menu. All open applications will be minimize and you will be seeing desktop background.


F2 is used to rename the focused object in desktop.


Ctrl +ALt + L is used to lock screen. You will need to enter administrator’s password to unlock it.


Shift + F10 opens the pop up menu for the focused object, i.e. it is alternative to mouse’s right click.


Ctrl + L is used to clear the terminal. If you are working in your terminal and wants the terminal output to be cleared, you can use this key.


Alt + F2 is used to open Run Application box. Here you enter the name of application to run it.


Ctrl + Q is used to close any application or file. If this is unsaved document then it will ask for saving it first.


Alt + F5 is used to minimize the maximized window.


Note that we have missed quite a good number of hotkeys, the reason is that we have only covered the most basic and commonly used keyboard hotkeys. So which one is your favorite shortcut and which ones have we missed? Let us know in the comments. Enjoy!

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