An average PC comes with two graphics cards. The first, the default one, is called the ‘On-board’ graphics card and it’s usually an Intel chip. The second is the ‘Dedicated’ graphics card and Nvidia, and AMD are some of the best ones available.
A dedicated graphics card is normally found on gaming PCs but it’s not uncommon to find a low end one on a non-gaming rig. When an application’s requirements exceed the capabilities of the on-board graphics card, your system switches to the dedicated GPU. This happens mostly when you play games. You can however force an app to use the dedicated GPU. Here’s how.
As mentioned earlier, there are two major GPU manufacturers that dominate the market; Nvidia, and AMD. We’re going to show you how you can force an app to use the dedicated GPU from both manufacturers.
Windows 10 Settings
You must be running Windows 10 1809 or later for this to work. It doesn’t matter which GPU you have because this will work for both.
Open the Settings app and go to the System group of settings. Select the Display tab and scroll down. Click the ‘Graphic Settings’ option. On the Graphics Settings screen, open the ‘Choose an app to set preference’ dropdown. Select the type of app you want to set the GPU use for; Classic app for desktop apps, and Universal app for UWP or Store apps.
Once selected, click the Browse button and select the app. Click the ‘Options’ button under the app once it has been added.
In the window that opens, select ‘High Performance’ and click ‘Save’.
Force App To Use NVIDIA Graphics Card
It’s worth mentioning that NVIDIA uses Optimus Technology. Whenever it detects that an app needs additional, more powerful resources, the dedicated GPU kicks in. That said, you can still force an app to use the dedicated GPU. With NVIDIA, it’s really easy.
Open the NVIDIA control panel. Right-click on an empty area on your desktop and select the ‘NVIDIA Control Panel’ option from the context menu.
Go to the Desktop menu and enable the ‘Add “Run with graphics processor” to Context Menu’ option.
Return to your desktop. Right-click the app you want to force to use the dedicated GPU. The right-click context menu will have a ‘Run with graphics processor’ option. Select ‘High-performance NVIDIA processor’ from the sub-options and the app will run using your dedicated GPU.
Force App To Use AMD Graphics Card
You can force an app to use your AMD graphics card but it isn’t as easy, or as accessible as the NVIDIA option. With AMD, you can select which apps will use the dedicated graphics card. You don’t have an option in the context menu. Instead, you add apps to the AMD Catalyst Control Center.
Open the AMD Catalyst Control Center app by right-clicking on an empty area on your desktop. Select ‘Catalyst Control Center’ from the context menu. From the list of panels on the left, select ‘Power’. Under ‘Power’, select ‘Switchable application graphics settings’.
Here you will see a list of apps that AMD already recognizes as needing better GPU support. On this panel is an ‘Add Application’ button. Click it and select the EXE of the app you want to force to use the AMD graphics card.
After you add the application, open the dropdown next to it for setting graphics options. Select ‘High performance’ and you’re done. The app will always use AMD graphics card.
We should mention that some options may differ depending on your driver version and the GPU model you have. These solutions will still work but the options may be found under a different menu.
Windows UWP Apps – NVIDA GPU
Unfortunately, this doesn’t work for Windows UWP apps. That doesn’t mean you can’t force them to use the dedicated GPU, just that the process is different for an NVIDIA GPU.
Open the NVIDIA control panel and go to 3D Settings>Manage 3D Settings. Select the Program Settings tab and click the ‘Add’ button. Browse for the Windows UWP app you want to run with the dedicated GPU, and add it. From the ‘Select the preferred graphics processor for this program’ dropdown, select your GPU.